Iowa of Kansas & Nebraska
Originally the Iowa lived in bark-covered pole-frame houses and used skin tipis for hunting and traveling. As well as being farmers and hunters, the Iowa were miners and traders. They mined lead and pipestone (Catlinite) from which they created items such as pipes. In the 18th and 19th centuries, they became fur traders.
Originally from an area north of the Great Lakes they migrated south into Illinois and Iowa. In the late 1870's the US Government moved part of the Iowa people to Oklahoma and others into Kansas and Nebraska.
About the Flag:
The portrait on the flag is Chief Jim Whitecloud, one of the most popular Iowa chiefs. The green represents the Whitecloud family, some members of which are responsible for governing the Iowa Tribe today. The shield is included because of its symbolism to Native Americans, and the feathers stand for peace, prosperity, happiness, and health.